Montana Hay Report
Billings, MT      Fri October 19, 2018    USDA Market News

Weekly Montana Hay Report

Compared to last week: Alfalfa hay prices sold fully steady. 
Limited hay sales were seen this week as many ranchers are
busy marketing cattle. Demand from Colorado and southern 
Wyoming continues to be good. Limited loads of hay traded
into these areas this week. Demand for hay from Canada has
helped spur some interest in northern Montana this week, however
no sales were established as of this writing. Plenty of grazing 
remains available for ranchers as mostly mild weather is forecast
for the extended forecast. Dry weather has allowed producers to 
cut third cutting if they wish however a limited number of 
producers are opting to do so as hay supplies remain heavy.
Demand for straw remains good as supplies are light to moderate 
many producers have wrapped up grain harvest and are starting 
to market straw. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB unless 
otherwise noted.

Alfalfa:   Supreme:  Small squares, 200.00-250.00
                     Large squares, 180.00 old crop
           Premium:  Large squares, NA    
                     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, NA
           Good:     Large squares, 120.00-140.00   
                     Large rounds,  115.00-130.00
                     Small squares, NA
         Fair/Good:  Large squares, 90.00-110.00
                     Large rounds,  85.00-105.00
                     Small Squares, NA
           Utility   Large rounds,  60.00-80.00
                     Large squares, 70.00-90.00

Alfalfa:   Premium:  Small squares, NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA   
                     Small squares, NA
                     Large squares, 125.00-140.00
           Fair:     Large squares, 110.00-115.00
                     Large rounds,  105.00-110.00
                     Small squares, 120.00-130.00
           Utility:  Large squares, 70.00-90.00

Grass:     Premium   Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 200.00
           Good:     Small squares, 185.00
                     Large rounds,  120.00
           Fair:     Large squares, 125.00
                     Large rounds,  100.00-110.00
           Utility:  Large rounds,  80.00
                     Large squares, NA
                     Small squares, 130.00

Grass:     Premium:  Small squares, 225.00-240.00
           Premium:  Large rounds,  NA
           Good:     Large rounds,  NA
                     Small squares, 160.00-180.00

Barley                Large squares, 40.00-50.00
straw:                Large rounds,  40.00-50.00
                      Small squares, NA

Wheat straw:

South central        Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA
Northern             Large squares, 35.00-40.00
                     Large rounds,  NA

Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct grass)
Quality     ADF     NDF      RFV    TDN-100pct   TDN-90pct     CP-100pct
Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62         >55.9          >22
Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62     54.5-55.9      20-22
Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60      52.5-54.5      18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58      50.5-52.5      16-18
Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56         <50.5          <16

   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the western 
formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect 
feeding value.  Values based on 100pct dry matter.

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value.  
Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price or value 
more than testing results.
   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality    Crude Protein Percent
Premium          Over 13
Good               9-13
Fair               5- 9
Utility          Under 5

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Billings, MT
         John Kimbrell, Officer in Charge

1630m    jdk